piñón: soudain


L'adverbe soudain est utilisé pour introduire une idée de rupture ou de surprise dans un discours, comme l'illustrent les exemples suivants :

(1) a. Juliette est soudain arrivée.

résumé en anglais (abstract in english)

The aim of this study is to propose a first analysis of the lexical semantics of the adverb soudain 'suddenly' in a temporal semantics. Three semantic properties of soudain 'suddenly' are described: its aspectual behavior, the impression of suddenness (as opposed to rapidity), and the lack of expectation. It is argued that the semantics of soudain 'suddenly' aspectually derives an achievement and includes an implicit logophoric argument (often, but not necessarily identified with the speaker) for whom the situation described lacks gradual change and is unexpected at the time in question. The formal analysis makes use of ordinary individuals, times, degrees, and possible worlds in addition to notions such as a logophoric 'self', a left temporal boundary, a 'distinguish' relation, and an 'expect' relation.


Article, version prépublication, 21 juillet 2011
URL <http://pinon.sdf-eu.org/covers/s_fr.html>


piñón: soudain
page mise à jour le 20 mai 2013
christopher piñón